Main agro-industrial products of Mauritius

Sugar cane

At the end of June 2018, some 1,658 hectares under sugar cane were harvested, yielding 116,353 tonnes of sugar cane and 14,350 tonnes of sugar.  The corresponding figures for the same period in 2017 were 2,643 hectares, 197,192 tonnes of sugar cane and 16,454 tonnes of sugar respectively.  The average extraction rate as at end of June 2018 was 8.89%, compared to 8.34% as at end of June 2017.

According to Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture, production of sugar for the crop year 2018 will be around 330,000 tonnes, representing a decrease of 7.1%, compared to 355,213 tonnes in 2017.

Tea

At the end of June 2018, area under tea plantation was 656 hectares representing an increase of 5.5% over the figure of 622 hectares during the same period of 2017. However, the production of green tea leaves went down by 3.3%: 4,136 tonnes in first semester of 2018 as compared to 4,279 tonnes during the same period of 2017, mainly due to unfavourable climatic conditions. The production of manufactured tea decreased by 11.7% from 815 tonnes in the first semester of 2017 to 720 tonnes in the same period of 2018.

 

 

4.  Food crops

Data on food crops (except paddy rice) production, are supplied by the Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute (FAREI). Figures are thereafter adjusted to take into account backyard production of banana, eddoes, manioc and sweet potato. Data on paddy rice was obtained from concerned establishment.

The area under food crops harvested decreased by 16.3% from 3,332 hectares in the first semester of 2017 to 2,789 hectares in the same period of 2018. The production of food crops decreased by 33.4% from 41,989 tonnes to 27,965 tonnes during the same period, mainly explained by unfavourable climatic conditions. It is to be noted that area under rice cultivation harvested declined by 76.4% from 55 hectares in the first semester of 2017 to 13 hectares in the same period of 2018. The production of paddy rice went down by 87.8% from 156 tonnes to 19 tonnes during the same period.

 

5. Livestock

Data on production of beef, goat meat, mutton and pork are supplied by Mauritius Meat Authority. It is to be noted that these data represent only animals slaughtered by the Central Abattoir, including live animals imported from Rodrigues and other countries for slaughter.

 

During the first half of 2018, the production of beef from live cattle was 1,169 tonnes, as compared to 1,173 tonnes registered in the corresponding period of 2017. Beef production from the slaughter of imported cattle, accounting for 98.0% of the total production, decreased by 1.9% from 1,167 tonnes to 1,145 tonnes.  Local beef production went up from 6 tonnes to 25 tonnes.

The production of goat meat and mutton went up by 11.5% from 26 tonnes during the first semester of 2017 to 29 tonnes for the same period of 2018. The share of local production, inclusive of Rodrigues, stood at 65.5 %.

The production of pork decreased by 13.9% from 288 tonnes in the first semester of 2017 to 248 tonnes during the same period of 2018.

6. Poultry

The production of poultry increased by 2.1% from 23,500 tonnes in the first semester of 2017 to 24,000 tonnes during the same period of 2018.

7. Fish

Total fish production went up by 21.4% from 11,090 tonnes in the first six months of 2017 to 13,462 tonnes in the same period of 2018. This increase was attributable to a rise of 21.8% in the production of other catch (tuna, bank etc) from 10,206 tonnes in 2017 to 12,427 tonnes in 2018, coupled with an increase of 17.1% in the production of fresh coastal fish catch from 884 tonnes in the first semester of 2017 to 1035 tonnes during the same period of 2018.

 

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